L-3 Corporation
L-3 ALST
Telemetry Tutorial
Introduction
What is Telemetry?
Telemetry Systems Overview
Airborne System
Data Acquisition
Multiplexer
Modulation
Communication
Data Words
Common Words
Frame Synchronization
Supercommutation
Subframe Commutation & Frame Structure
Subframe Synchronization Pattern
Sub-Subframes
Embedded & Asynchronous Data Stream
Ground Systems
Setup & Control
PCM Stream Reconstruction
Frame Synchronization
Decomutation
Simulation & Encoding
Real-Time Processing
Real-Time Displays
Archiving
Data Distribution
Post-Test Analysis
Additional Sources
Glossary
TELEMETRY TUTORIAL > Introduction

What is Telemetry?

 

Telemetry is the process by which an object’s characteristics are measured (such as velocity of an aircraft), and the results transmitted to a distant station where they are displayed, recorded, and analyzed. The transmission media may be air and space for satellite applications, or copper wire and fiber cable for static ground environments like power generating plants.

In today's telemetry applications, which support large numbers of measurands, it is too costly and impractical to use separate transmission channels for each measured quantity. The telemetry process involves grouping measurements (such as pressure, speed, and temperature) into a format that can be transmitted as a single data stream. Once received, the data stream is separated into the original measurement’s components for analysis.

Telemetry lets you stay in a safe (or convenient) location while monitoring what's taking place in an unsafe (or inconvenient) location. Aircraft development, for example, is a major application for telemetry systems. During initial flight testing, an aircraft performs a variety of test maneuvers. The critical flight data from a maneuver is transmitted to flight test engineers at a ground station where results are viewed in real time or analyzed within seconds of the maneuver. Real-time monitoring allows the "safety officer" to make instant decisions on whether to proceed with or terminate a test. With real-time analysis, the flight test engineer can request a maneuver be repeated, the next maneuver be performed, or test plan alternatives be substituted. Real-time data is also captured to storage media, such as disk and tape, for later analysis and archiving.

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